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4 edition of Defensively-armed merchant ships and submarine warfare found in the catalog.

Defensively-armed merchant ships and submarine warfare

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  • 18 Currently reading

Published by Stevens and Sons, limited in London .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • War, Maritime (International law),
  • World War, 1914-1918 -- Naval operations -- Submarine.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby A. Pearce Higgins.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination56 p.
    Number of Pages56
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL22865290M
    OCLC/WorldCa9806031

    My Mystery Ships by Rear Admiral Gordon Campbell, VC., DSO. CHAPTER 1. THE SUBMARINE MENACE. THE Great War produced many inventions, rapidly developed many weapons which were yet in their infancy, and brought into use forms of warfare which had either been unforeseen or only foreseen in the minds of men of great vision, who were generally ridiculed at the time ; just as now we have .


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Defensively-armed merchant ships and submarine warfare by A. Pearce Higgins Download PDF EPUB FB2

Defensively armed merchant ships. ADM/ and (), ADM/ and () and ADM/ (). While researching the arming of some merchant ships lost in the English Channel, I consulted one of these documents and found it listed many ships and gave details of the types of guns issued.

Additional Physical Format: Online version: Higgins, A. Pearce (Alexander Pearce), Defensively-armed merchant ships and submarine warfare. Excerpt from Defensively-Armed Merchant Ships and Submarine Warfare Much has happened since August, Old problems in new forms have arisen, and a further examination of them, in view of new developments, seems called by: 2.

Get this from a library. Defensively-armed merchant ships and submarine warfare. [A Pearce Higgins]. Book digitized by Google from the library of the University of California and uploaded to the Internet Archive by user tpb. Skip to main content. This banner text can have markup Defensively-armed merchant ships and submarine warfare Defensively-armed merchant ships and submarine warfare by Higgins, A.

Pearce (Alexander Pearce), Pages: Full text of "Defensively-armed merchant ships and submarine warfare" See other formats A A \ 5 ; 2 \ I 5 \ 9 \ 7 I Higgins Defensively armed merchant ships and submarine "warfare THE LIBRARY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA LOS ANGELES GIFT OF D.

Krassovsky DEFENSIVELY - ARMED MERCHANT SHIPS AND SUBMARINE WARFARE ^^^V^BV^ A. PEARCE HIGGINS, M.A. During the Great War the UK blockaded Germany and armed its merchant ships to help defend them against U-boats.

A single stern gun, equivalent to what a submarine might carry, was mounted, and civilian captains were encouraged to flee and shoot back from their more stable gun platform. civilian ships had been armed by Decemberand rose to 2, by February Defensively Armed Merchant Ships Following the valuable lessons of Defensively Armed Merchant Ships (DAMS) in the First World War, in the Cabinet approved an Admiralty and Board of Trade policy for the strengthening of merchant vessels during construction, in order to allow the rapid fitting of armaments when necessary.

Defensively-armed merchant ships and submarine warfare by A. Higgins () Dreadnought ou submersible by O. Guihéneuc () (French text) European ships of war and their armament, naval administration and economy, marine constructions and appliances, dockyards, etc., Seller Rating: % positive.

70, miles on a submarine destroyer, by George Magruder Battey, Voyage of the Deutschland, the first merchant submarine, by Paul Konig, Defensively-armed merchant ships & submarine warfare, by Alexander Pearce Higgins, Torpedoes & Author: Henry Newbolt George Battey, Paul Konig, Alexander Higgins, Charles Sleeman, Robert Fulton, Allen Hoar, Simon Lake, Victor Durham, Farnham Bishop, Thomas Parker, Thomas Corbin, Anna Codman.

An armed merchantman is a merchant ship equipped with guns, usually for defensive purposes, either by design or after the fact. In the days of sail, piracy and privateers, many merchantmen would be routinely armed, especially those engaging in long distance and high value trade.

In more modern times, auxiliary cruisers were used offensively as merchant raiders to disrupt trade chiefly during. Learn to identify the various vessels from around the world, battle history, submarine warfare, warship construction etc. The complete list of books included on the disks is reproduced below, take the time to read through the list of titles and you will see the depth and breadth of knowledge that is covered.

The Law of Nations and the war of ; 9. Enemy ships in port at the outbreak of war; Submarine cables in time of war; Ships of war as prize; Retaliation in naval warfare; Defensively armed merchant ships, I; Defensively armed merchant ships, II; Appendices to defensively armed merchant ships; Table of cases; :   On 21 October Admiral Reinhard Scheer, the German Chief of the Admiralty Staff, ordered all U-boats to return to ended the German campaign of unrestricted submarine warfare, which meant sinking merchant ships without warning, that had begun on 1 February.

Scheer’s orders were obeyed by almost all U-boat captains. UC 74 (Oberleutnant Hans Schüler) sank the 85. Hi I am currently researching the Australian Imperial Force (AIF) troop transports, which sailed in convoys 1 & 2 from Albany WA, at the end of I have come across 3 reliable references to at least 3 ships in the 2nd Convoy being armed, but am having difficulty in finding which ships wer.

The binding force of international law by Higgins, A. Pearce (Alexander Pearce), at - the best online ebook storage. Download and read online for free The binding force of international law by Higgins, A. Pearce (Alexander Pearce), /5(2). In February Germany announced that from 1 March its U-boats would sink defensively armed British merchant ships without warning.

Germany had, under pressure from the USA, abandoned unrestricted submarine warfare in September The Germans claimed that British defensively armed merchantmen had been ordered to attack U-boats before being attacked.

Defensively-armed merchant ships and submarine warfare, (London, Stevens and sons, limited, ), by A. Pearce Higgins (page images at HathiTrust) Studies in the law of naval warfare: submarines in general and limited wars / (Washington: U.S.

Govt. Print. With Germany's declaration of all-out submarine warfare as of 1 st Februarythe enemy operated considerably more boats than earlier.

By April merchant shipping losses (of all nations involved and not just British) had become so severe that Britain was within months, in danger of being totally deprived of all outside goods and thereby. Defensively-Armed Merchant Ships and Submarine Warfare () Deeds of Naval Daring - Anecdotes of the British Navy () American Naval Heroes A Merchant Fleet at War () Through the South Seas with Jack London ().

American ship casualties of the world war including naval vessels, merchant ships - Daring deeds of merchant seamen in the great war - H. Wheeler Defensively-armed merchant ships and submarine warfare - A. Higgins Dreadnought ou submersible - O.

Guihenneuc [French] European ships of war and their armament, naval. Daring deeds of merchant seamen in the great war - H. Wheeler () Defensively-armed merchant ships and submarine warfare - A. Higgins () Der Kampf um die Freiheit der Meere, Trafalgar, Skagerrak - J.

Von Pflugk-Harttung () Diagrammatic study of the battle of Jutland - H. Frost () Die zwei weissen völker. (The two white nations!). The instructions for guidance in the use, care, and maintenance of armament in defensively armed merchant ships (Exhibits 5 and 6) provide in the section headed “Action,” in paragraph 4: “It is not advisable to open fire at a range greater than yards unless the enemy has already opened fire.”.

(a) The instructions for guidance in the use, care, and maintenance of armament in defensively armed merchant ships provide in the section headed "Action," in paragraph 4: "It is not advisable to open fire at a range greater than yards unless the enemy has already opened fire.".

The first recorded ramming of a U-boat by a merchant ship came on 28 Februarywhen the steamer THORDIS rammed and damaged a submarine off the south coast of England (Bailey and Ryan state that five U- boats were sunk by ramming before Maybut they are not clear on whether any of these sinkings were by merchant ships).

Most merchant. The Crisis of the Naval War by John Rushworth Jellicoewaged against men-of-war, as well as merchant ships. The submarine, which was thrown into the struggle in increasing numbers, represented an entirely new development, for the submarine is a vessel which can travel unseen beneath the water and, while still unseen, except for a possible.

Support Ships, as their name implies, are generally defined as noncombatant or defensively armed ships whose mission is to assist the fighting forces. While support ships are perhaps best known for their role in naval warfare, they have been employed since the American Revolution, have been operated by both the army and navy, and have provided support to all of the military services.

Defensively-Armed Merchant Ships and Submarine Warfare () Deeds of Naval Daring - Anecdotes of the British Navy () Cruchley's Picture of London () Chats on Old Sheffield Plate () Belgium - a Personal Narrative () Ballads of Irish Chivalry - Songs and Poems ().

(2) Defensively armed merchant vessels; 5 War Zones and Exclusion Zones; 6 Capture of Belligerent Vessels (1) The right of capture (2) The mode of capture (a) Visit and Search (b) Detention (c) The Right of Destruction (d) Treatment of Crews and Passengers (3) The place of capture (4) Ships exempted from capture (a) Hospital Ships (b) Coastal.

The success with which defensively armed ships beat off attack, and in many cases inflicted serious loss on the enemy, defeated the enemy tactics, and their increasing embarrassment was at last to find expression in the declaration from Berlin on February 1st,inaugurating the intensive submarine campaign in defiance of international law.

Convoys SC and HX sailed from New York harbor for England early in March Admiral Doenitz deployed forty-two U-boats to trap those two convoys. Twenty-one merchant ships were sunk in the ensuing battle.

The Germans called it “the greatest convoy battle of all time.” It was a major turning point in the Battle of the Atlantic. In the years andhowever, only 21 and 29 per cent. respectively of the British merchant ships sunk by enemy submarines were destroyed without warning, whilst during the first four months of the unrestricted submarine warfare in the figure rose to 64 per cent., and went higher and higher as the months progressed.

WARTIME INSTRUCTIONS FOR UNITED STATES MERCHANT VESSELS is issued for the information and guidance of all concerned. It is effective upon receipt. This publication supersedes INSTRUCTIONS FOR NAVAL TRANSPORTATION AND U.S. MERCHANT VESSELS IN TIME OF WAR, PART I,all copies of which shall be destroyed.

No reports of destruction are required. A Careless Word - A Needless Sinking: A History of the Staggering Losses Suffered by the U.S. Merchant Marine, both in Ships and Personnel, during World The Book of Ships, Socony-Vacuum Oil Co.

New York. [] Defensively-armed merchant ships and submarine warfare. London: Stevens, Hoehling, A. Axis History Forum. This is an apolitical forum for discussions on the Axis nations and related topics hosted by the Axis History Factbook in cooperation with Christian Ankerstjerne’s Panzerworld and Christoph Awender's WW2 day by day.

Founded in Skip to content. DAMS Defensively Armed Merchant Ships () D Detention (in RN or other military Detention Quarters) Sentence of Detention required a Punishment Warrant and was for a period of upwards of 28 days.

Could be remitted by up to 7 days and recorded as ‘awarded’ or ‘served’ D Discharged. Development of a new policy for attacking sea-borne commerce - The sinking of the s.s. Glitra, the first merchant ship to be destroyed by a submarine - The achievement of U21 in the English Channel - Germany's decision to ignore international law and the code of humanity - Interview with Grand Admiral von Tirpitz in December - Germany's.

DAMS and DEMS - British designations meaning "Defensively Armed Merchant Ship," used during World War I, and "Defensively Equipped Merchant Ship," used during World War II.

This terminology was an attempt by the British to circumvent those treaty provisions that allowed submarines to attack any armed merchant ship without warning.

Navy Department, List of Transports and Merchantmen with Armed Guards, et cetera. U.S. NAVAL FORCES OPERATING IN EUROPEAN WATERS. (U.S.S. MELVILLE, FLAGSHIP.) ________ Reference No.

N-8 30, GROSVENOR GARDENS, LONDON S.W. From: FORCE COMMANDER To: Secretary of the Admiralty. Subject: FORWARDING CONFIDENTIAL PUBLICATIONS, BY. It is a Data DVD and must be used on a Computer to view the PDF book files Books on Disk A list of neutral ships sunk by the Germans [in WW1] A naval history of Vincennes, Indiana - C.

Shake A note on the history of submarine war - H. Newbolt A squadron of the United States Navy - W. Swinyer A survey report on human factors in. merchant ships attack officers although depth german naval hours night germans sunk march survivors port north atlantic torpedo miles submarine squadron patrol canadian donitz depth charges torpedoes voyage sailed One dark night, during the Cold War, our P-3 crew was flying a mission in the North Atlantic in support of a major NATO exercise.

During our flight, we received transmissions notifying us (and others) that a Royal Navy Harrier was missing, and tha. Today in Naval History - Naval / Maritime Events in History 30 December - HMT Aragon, Britain's first defensively armed merchant ship ("DAMS"), was sank by German submarine in the Mediterranean, killing of the personnel aboard HMT Aragon, originally RMS Aragon, was a 9, GRT transatlantic Royal Mail Ship that served as a troop ship in the First World War.